Urban Growth

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Urban Growth

In India out of the total population of 1210.2 million as on 1st March, 2011, about 377.1 million are in urban areas. The net addition of population in urban areas over the last decade is 91.0 million.

The percentage of urban population to the total population of the country stands at 31.6. There has been an increase 3.35 percentage points in the proportion of urban population in the country during 2001-2011.

The provisional results of Census 2011 reveals that there is an increase of 2774 towns comprising 242 Statutory and 2532 Census towns over the decade. Growth rate of population in urban areas was 31.8%.

Further the number of million plus cities/urban agglomeration (UA) has increased from 35 in Census 2001 to 53 in Census 2011. The new entrants are Srinagar UA (Jam-mu and Kashmir),Union Territory of Chandigarh UA, Jodhpurs UA and Kota (Rajas than), Ghaziabad UA (Uttar Pradesh), Ranchi UA (Jharkhand), Raipur UA and Durg-Bhilainagar UA (Chattisgarh), Gwalior UA( Madhya Pradesh), Vasai Virar and Aurangabad UA (Maharashtra), Kozhikode UA, Thrissur UA, Malappuram UA, Thiruvananthapuram UA, Kannur UA and Kollam UA (Kerala), and Tiruchirapalli US (Tamil Nadu). So while the States of Jammu and Kashmir and Chattisgarh now also have million plus city/UA, Kerala now has as many as 7 million plus cities/UA, a quantum jump from the situation in 2001 when just Kochi UA was a million plus city/UA.

Population (Census 2001 and 2011)

 

Persons (in million numbers)

 

 

Decadal growth in population (%)

 

2001

2011

 

1991-2001

2001-2011

Total

1029

1210

 

21.5

17.6

Rural

743

833

 

18.1

12.2

Urban

286

(27.81%)

377

(31.16%)

 

31.5

31.8

( +0.3%)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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